The line graph shows the percentage of different age groups of cinema visitors in a particular country.
The line graph reveals the proportion of people who go to the movies by four age groups in a particular nation from 1978 to 2008.
During the thirty years, three age groups (14-24, 25-34 and 35-49) experienced a similar pattern. The young (age 14-24) enjoyed visiting cinema the most, reaching 90% in 1978, and then it declined slightly to 75% in 1988 and grew up again in the following ten year. Before a drop in 2003, it had remained stable for five years. Likewise, to the percentage of cinema visitor aged from 25 to 34, there is a significant decrease from 80% to 60% between 1978 and 1988, followed by a moderate increase in 1998. After that, it was stable during 1998 and 2003 and then fell to 56% in 2008. Similarly, the share of age group 35-49 arrived at the bottom at 40% before a considerable rise in 1988. A decade later, it reached the peak at about 62% and kept constantly until a fall from 2003.
The proportion of elder movie visitors was always below 40% from 1978 to 2003. However, after the year of 2003, more elderly people preferred to watch movies at cinema and the figure increased to 50% in 2008.
The line graph shows the population in one European country.
The line graph reveals both the birth rate and death rate in a European country during the year of 1950 to 2050.
In 1950, the total number of people in this country was approximately 780,000, and after that it soared to nearly 1,000,000. However, after the peak in 1970, the number of population experienced a decline from 1971 to 1990 and it dropped to about 580,000. After then, it increased again in the following two decades, at around 700,000 in 2010. The birth rate is expected to be stable at 700,000 before 2050.
Compared with the birth rate, the figure of the death rate was much more stable. During the year of 1950 to 2010, the death rate remained at around 700,000. However, it seems that there will be a continuous rise in the number of the death population in the near future, reaching 800,000 by the year of 2050.
The line below shows the land used for organic crops in two countries between 1985 to 2010.
The line gives us information about the area of land used for organic crops in country A and country B during the period of 1985 to 2010.
In 1985, the area of land for organic crops of the two country were the same (25 thousand hectares). In the next five years, the figures in both countries experienced a slight rise, reaching about 55 thousand hectares in country A while around 30 thousand hectares in country B in the year of 1990. After that, they both speeded up and reached to the peak of 290 and 190 thousand hectares respectively.
After reaching the peak in 2000, the figures in both countries experienced a decline. The figure of country A decreased slightly to 150 thousand hectares in 2010, while the figure of country B had a small decline between 2000 and 2005 and then it plummeted to 145 thousand hectares in 2010.
All in all, the figures of the two countries both increased in the period of 1985 to 2000. After that, they both decreased dramatically.
The graph below shows US consumers’ average annual expenditures on cell phone and residential phone services between 2001 and 2010.
The line graph compares average yearly spending by Americans on mobile and landline phone services from 2001 to 2010.
It is clear that spending on landline phones fell steadily over the 10-year period, while mobile phone expenditure rose quickly. The year 2006 marks the point at which expenditure on mobile services overtook that for residential phone services. In 2001, US consumers spent an average of nearly $700 on residential phone services, compared to only around $200 on cell phone services.
Over the following five years, average yearly spending on landlines dropped by nearly $200. By contrast, expenditure on mobiles rose by approximately $300.
In the year 2006, the average American paid out the same amount of money on both types of phone service, spending just over $500 on each. By 2010, expenditure on mobile phones had reached around $750, while the figure for spending on residential services had fallen to just over half this amount.
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the proportion of the population aged 65 and over between 1940 and 2040 in three different countries.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main feature and make comparisons where relevant.
The line graph compares the percentage of people aged 65 or more in three countries over a period of 100 years.
It is clear that the proportion of elderly people increases in each country between 1940 and 2040. Japan is expected to see the most dramatic changes in its elderly population.
In 1940, around 9% of Americans were aged 65 or over, compared to about 7% of Swedish people and 5% of Japanese people. The proportions of elderly people in the USA and Sweden rose gradually over the next 50 years, reaching just under 15% in 1990. By contrast, the figures for Japan remained below 5% until the early 2000s.
Looking into the future, a sudden increase in the percentage of elderly people is predicted for Japan, with a jump of over 15% in just 10 years from 2030 to 2040. By 2040, it is thought that around 27% of the Japanese population will be 65 years old or more, while the figures for Sweden and the USA will be slightly lower, at about 25% and 23% respectively.