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5 BÀI MẪU ESSAY BAND 8.0+ CHỦ ĐỀ: GOVERNMENT

1. SAMPLE 1

TOPIC:In many countries, government spent a large amount of money on improving internet access.

Why is it happening and do you think it is the most appropriate use of government money?

Band 8 Sample

A huge proportion of national budget is allocated for providing people with easier access to the Internet. There are several reasons for such spending and, in my view, this is not the most suitable way to use state money.

The government understand how the Internet benefits the lives of their citizens and also the limitation of access to the network in a number of places across their countries. The Internet has proven powerful in dispensing educational  services  and  general knowledge about all aspects of life, not to mention the fact that it could facilitate communication even between continents. There is no arguing why governments pay much heed to the development of the network, just as to boost the overall quality of life for their people. Additionally, perhaps the inaccessibility of the Internet in many areas, especially disadvantaged ones for which mountainous villages in Vietnam could be brought up as a prime example, has the government draw a  conclusion  to pour  their  money  into improving   the  Internet.

Much as those analyzed points above, I still believe large financial spending on such a field could, sometimes, be seen as unproductive or even counter-productive. In fact, only half of  the  world population has Internet connection; and even if the government were able to expand the network, it would be, I believe, hardly reachable for the rest of the world for the time being. The result would not be equivalent to the enormous amount of governmental funding.

Instead, there are some other areas that authorities could invest in as a pre-requisite complement before supplying a widespread network. Constructing schools and sending qualified teachers to areas that are used to the absence of the Internet and are unaware of the benefits   it might offer could be more promising.

In conclusion, there are two main explanations for governments’ special attention to improving the Internet access; and I think this is not the most optimal way to spend money.

Useful vocabulary:

  • A huge proportion of national budget: Một phần lớn ngân sách nhà nước
  • To dispense educational services and general knowledge about all aspects of life: đem đến những dịch vụ giáo dục và kiến thức chung về tất cả các khía cạnh của cuộc sống
  • To pour their money into improving the Internet: Đổ tiền vào nâng cấp Internet
  • To be equivalent   to   the enormous amount of governmental funding: Cân xứng với khối lượng kinh phí khổng lồ từ chính phủ
  • To be used to the absence of the Internet: Quen với việc không có Internet

 

2. SAMPLE 2

TOPIC: It is more important for governments to spend public funds on promoting a healthy lifestyle than treatment.

Do you agree or disagree?

Band 8 Sample

It is said that state money should be better allocated to the  promotion of a healthy lifestyle as a long-term prevention against all kinds of diseases than treatment for already ill people. In my opinion, both should be equally funded.

On the one hand, the government should pay attention to promoting a healthy lifestyle as it is directly linked to  human  resistance  against a vast number of illnesses. As a matter of fact, the harmful habit of drinking liquor or chemical dependency are principal causes for numerous diseases including alcoholism and cancer. Also, people leading a sedentary lifestyle due to either intense study or work also suffer from back pain or short-sight. In most cases, victims are little aware of their daily habits bringing much damage  to their body, or sometimes, students and working people cannot find a place to exercise. The government’s involvement is therefore vital  as they can launch propagation campaigns to heighten social awareness or establish more public facilities such as parks as places for residents to physically exercise.

On the other hand, similar funding should be provided for constructing hospitals, modernizing facilities, and experimenting new  medicines.  In  reality,  there  are  more  grave  threats from contagions like Ebola or unexpected accidents on street, which emphasizes the necessity of treatment and the development of healthcare services. Unless more significant amounts of money  were allocated to discovering new cures and improving the quality  of services, there would be more victims and casualties. This is no less important and imperative  than promoting a healthy   lifestyle.

In conclusion, both of these aforementioned factors should be equally and simultaneously developed by any governments.

Useful vocabulary:

  • Human resistance against a vast number of illnesses: Sức chống lại rất nhiều bệnh tật
  • Leading a sedentary lifestyle: có lối sống ít vận động
  • Launch propagation campaigns to heighten social awareness: Thực hiện những chiến dịch tuyên truyền nâng cao nhận thức xã hội
  • The necessity of treatment and the development of healthcare services: Sự cần thiết của sự điều trị và sự phát triển của dịch vụ chăm sóc sức khỏe
  • No less important and imperative: không kém phần quan trọng và cấp bách

 

3. SAMPLE 3

TOPIC:Some people believe government should spend money on building train and subway lines to reduce traffic congestion. Others think that building more and wider roads is the better way to reduce traffic congestion. Discuss both views and give your opinion

Band 8 Sample

Opinions diverge greatly on how to tackle traffic congestion. Although constructing more railways and subway lines partly solves the problem, I would argue that the government should allocate their financial resources to widen roads.

On the one hand, I understand why some people think that having more train and subway lines built could tackle congested roads.  First, this mode of transportation would alleviate the current travelling overload because it decrease the increased number  of daily travelers on main streets in either city centers or suburbs.  There would be less people on street during rush hours because trains or subways are able to carry hundreds of passengers at the same time. Second, rail transportation systems are established separately from other systems or, sometimes, outside crowded city areas, and this relieves the density of  passengers  on  public vehicles, hence reducing congestions caused by those means of transportation.

On the other hand, I would side with those who think that the mentioned investment on railroads or subway lines is only temporary and less effective than improving the size of roads and streets. Traffic jam is attributable to the density of vehicles that exceeds the capacity of the current system. Increasing the size of roads would allow a higher volume of traffic and enable more vehicles, such as private cars or buses, to circulate smoothly. Also, expanding roads, although expensive and time-consuming, is believed to be a permanent solution to the situation of traffic jam. Private car owners are increasing in numbers owing to the enhancement of living standards, and they are unlikely to resort to trains or subways since using their own cars is much more convenient. Therefore, better railway systems only encourage a part of citizens to use this type of public transport.

In conclusion, it appears to me state money should go to the expansion of road systems, while it is difficult to deny some provisional change brought by railroads or subway lines.

Useful vocabulary:

  • Tackle congested roads: Giải quyết tắc đường
  • Alleviate the current travelling overload: Giảm nhẹ tình trạng quá tải
  • Relieves the density of passengers on public vehicles: Giảm thiểu sự đông đúc cúa hành khác trên những phương tiện công cộng
  • Exceeds the capacity of the current system: Vươt quá khả năng của hệ thống hiện tại
  • The enhancement of living standards: Sự tăng lên về mức sống

 

4. SAMPLE 4

TOPIC:It is impossible to help all people in the world, so governments should focus on people in their own countries.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Band 8 Sample

The question whether governments should provide aids internationally or domestically has drawn much attention from the public. Although I understand why helping everyone in  the  world is unachievable, I strongly disagree that governmental support should solely be concentrated on satisfying local   needs.

On the one hand, I suppose the world’s leaders’ hesitation over the provision of international aids to deprived regions is legitimate. Firstly, it is unfeasible  for  governments’  support to reach all  of  the underprivileged as their number is enormous in many separated places around the globe and the type of support they need also varies. For example, developed nations may encounter numerous obstacles in terms of transportation when sending food and medicines to poor regions in Africa where people are facing the threat of famine or contagions. Secondly, I believe leaders of a country should prioritize the well-being of their citizens and  stabilize their economy and politics before carrying out any acts of global  assistance.

On the other hand, I still believe governments  should  help  as  many people  as  they  can  regardless  of  the  fragile  possibility  for worldwide comprehensive support for all people.  To  begin  with, in many underdeveloped countries, their leaders are unable     to bear the burden of eradicating domestic poverty or crises due to, for example, terrorism, which calls  for  the  involvement  from  other affluent nations. Also of great significance  is  that  this national act of charity could have a huge impact on individuals  living in prosperous areas. If the government take actions to help people overseas, citizens of that country will idolize the idea of self- devotion toward a better world.

In conclusion, I truly believe the world leaders should lend their neighbors a hand to offer help to people in need on their doorstep.

Useful vocabulary:

  • International aids to deprived regions: Hỗ trợ quốc tế đến những vùng nghèo khó
  • The underprivileged: Người nghèo, người bất hạnh
  • The well-being of their citizens: Sự sung túc của công dân
  • Any acts of global assistance: Bất kì hành động trợ giúp quốc tế nào
  • Underdeveloped countries: Những nước kém phát triển
  • Domestic poverty: Đói nghèo trong nước
  • Affluent nations: Những nước giàu có
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