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  1. When Subject+Verb+Object, Subject 1 +Verb 1 + Object 1
    Example: When a language dies out, a whole way of life disappears with it.


  1. While Subject+Verb+Object, Subject 1 +Verb 1 + Object 1
    Example: While some students drop out after a few years studying, others finish academic courses with poor degrees.


  1. Subject+Verb+Object, resulting in an increase/a decrease in + the number of smth/the demand for smth
    Example: Many people in the countryside migrate into big cities, resulting in an increase in the demands for accommodation, food and services in urban areas.


  1. Subject+Verb+Object, giving rise to smth
    Example: Advertisements give people more choices on what they want to buy, giving rise to the consumer society


  1. By doing smth, Subject+Verb+Object

Example: By spending money to protect minority languages, governments can also preserve traditions, customs and behaviours.


  1. Subject+Verb+Object, and/but/so + Subject 1 +Verb 1 + Object 1


  1. Subject+Verb+Object, and this will +Verb+Object.

Example: The use of private cars is increasing in Hanoi, and this puts a strain on its infrastructure.

  1. Instead of + Verb-ing + Object, Subject+Verb+Object.

Example: Instead of driving cars, people should use public transport.


  1. Subject+Verb+Object. This allows/urges/encourage smth/smb to do smth (This will discourage smb from doing smth).

Example: The utilisation of cheap labour helps companies to reduce the production cost. This encourages business expansion.


  1. Compared to those who +Subject+Verb+Object, Subject+Verb+Object

Example: Compared to those who hold high school qualifications, university graduates often have more employment opportunities.


  1. If Subject+Verb+Object, Subject+Verb+Object

Example: If air travel is restricted, people would opt for other means of transport such as buses and cars.


  1. Subject + Verb + Object [that Subject 1 + Verb 1 + Object 1], because Subject 2 + Verb 2 + Object 2

Example: I partly disagree with the idea that advertising has negatively influenced our life, because I recognise several benefits it brings to society.


  1. When Subject+Verb+Object, Subject 1 + Verb 1 + Object 1, Verb-ing + Object.

Example: When the government pays for tuition fees, the constraint of finance is removed, encouraging a greater number of students to attend academic courses



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