“Food and Diet” luôn luôn là một trong những topic phổ biến và dễ bắt gặp nhất trong các đề thi IELTS năm 2018. Các từ vựng thuộc chủ đề này tuy khá đơn giản và quen thuộc với đa số các bạn đang luyện thi IELTS nhưng nếu không nắm rõ cách sử dụng, bạn khó lòng đạt điểm cao đối với những câu hỏi thuộc topic này.
Do đó, ngày hôm nay, NGỌC ANH IELTS sẽ mang đến cho bạn list 57 từ vựng quan trọng nhất cho chủ đề Food and Diet cùng một số câu hỏi tham khảo để bạn có thể áp dụng.
TỪ VỰNG CẦN BIẾT CHO CHỦ ĐỀ FOOD AND DIET
- dinner: bữa tối (a meal, usually eaten at midday or in the evening)
- lunch: bữa trưa (a meal, usually eaten around the middle of the day, from 12 – 2 PM)
- breakfast: bữa sáng (the first meal you have in the morning)
- exotic foods: ẩm thực vùng miền, đặc sản (food from faraway place or striking and unusual in appearance or taste)
- staple food: thực phẩm thường ngày (a basic food or product that people eat or use regularly)
- plain: được chế biến đơn giản (simply cooked)
- beef: thịt bò (meat from a cow)
- pork: thịt heo (meat from a pig)
- chicken: gà hoặc thịt gà (a domestic fowl kept for its eggs or meat)
- fish: cá (a limbless cold-blooded vertebrate animal with gills and fins and living wholly in water)
- vegetables: rau củ (a plant or plant part eaten as food)
- to pour: đổ (chất lỏng) vào (to cause a liquid to flow somewhere from a container)
- to simmer: sôi lăn tăn, vừa tới (to cook something slowly, near boiling point_
- nutritional benefits: lợi ích dinh dưỡng (an advantage gained from substances that are essential for good health and growth)
- doesn’t take long: không mất nhiều thời gian (does not require much time)
- balanced portion: tỉ lệ, thành phần cân đối (an amount arranged in good proportions)
- canned food: thực phẩm đóng hộp (food preserved or supplied in a sealed can)
- easy to store: dễ bảo quản (easy to collect and preserve)
- cereals: ngũ cốc ăn sáng (breakfast food made from roasted grain, typically eaten with milk)
- seasonings: gia vị (salt, pepper or spices added to food)
- fats: chất béo (a natural oily or greasy substance occurring in animal bodies, especially when deposited as a layer under the skin or around certain organs)
- nutrient: chất dinh dưỡng (a substance that provides nourishment essential for growth and the maintenance of life)
- to get obese: trở nên béo phì (to become grossly fat or overweight)
- health awareness: nhận thức về sức khỏe (knowledge or perception of how to maintain the state of being free from illness or injury)
- addicting effect: hiệu ứng gây nghiện (a change resulting in being addicted to a particular substance, thing, or activity)
- to contain additives: có chứa phụ gia, chất bảo quản (to have or hold substance added to something in small quantities, typically to improve or preserve it)
- to resist temptation: chống lại cám dỗ (to withstand a desire to do something)
- snack: đồ ăn nhẹ (a small amount of food eaten between meals)
- health consciousness: ý thức giữ gìn sức khỏe (being aware of how to maintain the state of being free from illness or injury)
- to gain weight: tăng cân (to become heavier)
- delicious/tasty: ngon miệng (having a good taste)
- delicacy: tinh tế, hấp dẫn (something that is good to eat)
- diet: chế độ ăn kiêng (a special course of food to which one restricts oneself, either to lose weight or for medical reasons)
- organic food: thực phẩm hữu cơ (food that is produced without using harmful chemicals)
- vegetarian food: đồ ăn chay (food that does not contain meat)
- processed food: thực phẩm công nghiệp chế biến (food that has chemicals in it to make it last a long time)
- junk food: đồ ăn vặt (food that is full of sugar or fat, and is bad for your health)
- fast food: đồ ăn nhanh (food such as hamburgers, which is prepared quickly and which you can take away with you to eat)
- to digest: tiêu hóa (break down food in the alimentary canal into substances that can be absorbed and used by the body)
- to be full up: no căng bụng (to eat to the point that you can no longer eat any more)
- to be starving hungry: đói cồn cào (an exaggerated way of saying you are very hungry)
- to bolt something down: ăn rất nhanh (to eat something very quickly)
- to be dying of hunger: chết đói đến nơi (an exaggerated way of saying you are extremely hungry)
- to eat a balanced diet: có chế độ ăn cân đối (to eat the correct types and amounts of food)
- to eat like a horse: ăn rất nhiều (to eat a lot)
- to follow a recipe: tuân theo công thức, hướng dẫn (to cook a meal using instructions)
- to foot the bill: thanh toán (to pay the bill)
- a fussy eater: người ăn uống cầu kỳ (somebody who has their own very high standards about what to eat)
- to grab a bite to eat: ăn vột vàng (to eat something quickly, especially when you’re in a rush)
- to have a sweet tooth: hảo ngọt, thích ăn đồ ngọt (to enjoy sugary food)
- home-cooked food: đồ ăn tự nấu ở nhà (food cooked at home from individual ingredients)
- to make your mouth water: khiến bạn cảm thấy đói bụng, thèm ăn (to make you feel very hungry for something)
- to play with your food: không muốn ăn (to push food around the plate to avoid eating it)
- to spoil your appetite: trở nên biếng ăn (to eat something that will stop you feeling hungry when it’s meal-time)
- to wine and dine: thiết đãi ai đó với đồ ăn và rượu (to entertain someone by treating them to food and drink)
- to work up an appetite: làm gì khiến bạn trở nên đói bụng, thèm ăn (to do physical work that leads to you becoming hungry)
CÁC CÂU HỎI IELTS SPEAKING CHỦ ĐỀ FOOD AND DIET
- Can you cook?
Oh yes, I love to cook. Honestly, I don’t think I can cook very well but I always try my best. I consider it one of my hobbies.
- Who does the cooking in your family?
My mom does. Sometimes my older sister cooks for dinner. On weekends, I sometimes cook too.
- What is your main meal in the day?
Well, I can say, lunch is my main meal. I usually skip breakfast and I just have light dinner.
- On what occasions do you eat special foods?
I eat special foods on special occasions like birthday parties, weddings, New Year and etc. Even on small and simple gatherings, there are special foods too
- Which foods from your country do most foreign people enjoy?
I think foreign people are always eager to try local and exotic foods. In my country, tourists and foreigners seem to love our traditional noodle called “pho”.
- What kinds of meals do you like?
I adore different meat plates. My mouth is watering whenever I see roast beef, grilled chicken or pork chops.
- Do you often dinner with your family?
Well, I try to dinner with my family as often as possible. Unfortunately, I don’t have enough time for such dinners due to my busy schedule.
- Are there any fruits or vegetables you don’t like? Why?
I’m not a picky eater, but I really hate onions and papaya. I try to avoid meals that might contain these products.
- And what is your favourite cuisine?
I love French cuisine for its versatility and flavorful ingredients. French cuisine has a variety of dishes, starting from their famous onion soup and ending with cheese fondue. Also, it rarely uses artificial ingredients or flavors.
Talk about your favorite food. You should say:
- what the food is
- what it is made of
- what you love about it
anh say why it is your favorite food
There are a lot of foods I like. It is quite difficult to think of one. So, let me talk about a popular menu in my country which is one of my favorite foods also. It is steamed/plain rice and chicken adobo. “Adobo” is the local name. Adobo can be beef, pork, chicken, fish or even vegetables but I like the chicken adobo particularly.
I will talk about how I cook my very own chicken adobo. A small amount of oil is placed in a heated pan. Then, sauté (fried quickly in a little hot fat) garlic until it turns golden brown. Add in onions. Add the chicken and sauté until it turns a little brown. Pour in about 2 cups of water and let it boil. After about 30 minutes, add about 2 spoonful of sugar, whole peppercorns and let it simmer. Then add about one fourth cup of so sauce and let it boil for about 5 minutes. Then it is done and ready to be served. You may also add some vegetables like potatoes or fruits like banana or pineapple.
I like it because it is easy to prepare and it is very delicious. I am not quite sure about its nutritional benefits but I am sure that we can get some nutrients in it too, especially if vegetables are added.
This recipe is common in my country and I eat it about three to four times a week. I like it because it does not require much effort to prepare and it is also not expensive.
Describe a restaurant that you like to use. You should say
- where this restaurant is
- what kind of food it serves
- how often you go there
and say why you like eating there so much.
There’s a restaurant named Linguini just around the corner from where I live. It’s an Italian restaurant so as you’d expect you can eat various pasta dishes and pizzas.
I usually go there with my family for a slap-up meal whenever we are too lazy to cook, or if we have a special celebration. It’s quite a posh restaurant, the exact kind of place you would take someone if you wanted to wine and dine them. We usually order a 3-course meal: a light starter, such as a fresh salad or hot soup, then a main dish. And I have quite a sweet tooth so I always look forward to the dessert. I usually order Tiramisu or Strawberry Panna Cotta. It makes my mouth water just to think about it. I’m always totally full up by the end.
Well, although it’s not cheap but it always remains my most favourite restaurant in town anyway. Why? Because apart from the delicious food, the service is amazing as well. The staffs are polite and well trained. They always recognize my family whenever we walk in, as we are famliar guests, and they even save our favourite seats for us.
- Tell me about the types of food that people eat in your country (What foods are popular in your country?
In my country, rice is a staple food. We eat rice for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Rice comes with different kinds of viand (piece of food, or a tasty dish) such as pork, beef or chicken cooked with vegetables and other ingredients. We also like to eat bread, noodle, vermicelli for breakfast or for snacks.
- How are the eating habits now in your country different from eating habits in the past?
I think people’s eating habits have changed in the past years. Nowadays, there are already a lot of fast food restaurants. Processed foods have become popular as well. I think people these days don’t eat as much healthy foods compared in the past. Also, I think people in the past are more concerned of eating at the right time. However, nowadays, people tend to skip meals because of several reasons such as dieting, busy schedules and etc.
- How healthy is your country’s food?
It is the choice of the people whether to eat healthy or unhealthy food. In my country, there are many choices of healthy food especially vegetables and fruits. However, I don’t think that people eat much healthy foods nowadays because of the presence of fast food and processed foods. Also, many dishes in my country is usually greasy and salty which I think are not very healthy.
- How can we stay healthier?
I think the best approach is to have everything in moderation. Processed food won’t kill you if you only eat it occasionally but you are encouraged to eat a balanced diet to supply enough vitamins for your body. Home – cooked food is preferable choice if you want to stay strong.
- Do you think cooking is a pleasure or chore for people?
To be honest, I believe that cooking is one of the best ways to help people relax after a long working day. Whether you follow a recipe or cook roughly, cooking is a creative process which is useful to release your stress and balance your mind and body. Furthermore, cooking a meal for your beloved family then seeing them tucking into your handmade food will be the most satisfactory feeling ever.
- What are your predictions for people’s diets in the next 10 years?
Personally, people tend to eat a balanced diet to stay healthier. They eat more fish and vegetables than meat. Normal products which are made from chemical ingredients will be replaced by organic ones which seem to be safer for human body. Furthermore, instant or processed food will still exist because people are getting busier, but I think they are not really as popular as now.
- Is it important to have a family meal? What is your opinion?
Well, of course it is essential for people to have a meal together in a family. First of all, during family meals, people can share their stories and experience together, which allows them to strengthen the mutual bonds and draw them as a close-knit family. Additionally, by eating home-cooked meals, this can maintain the physical health among family members.
- Food is much better than before. Agree or disagree? Why?
From my point of view, I partly agree with this view. There are numerous foreign cuisines, along with diverse tastes, imported to Vietnam, such as Kimbab, Chicken Curry…. They not only taste delicious but also provide people with nutrious ingredients. However, some types of processed food such as fried chicken and hamburgers will be detrimental to the public health if people over-consume these kinds of food.
Chúc các bạn học tốt!