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CÁCH MỞ ĐẦU CÂU IELTS WRITING TASK 2

NGOC ANH IELTS CHÀO TẤT CẢ CÁC BẠN!

Hôm nay NGOC ANH IELTS sẽ chia sẻ với các bạn  cách mở đầu câu trong writing cũng để cho bạn có thể bắt đầu viết 1 cách trơn tru.

Trong bài viết cô tổng hợp những từ nối và cụm từ phổ biến được dùng trong writing và chia ra những mục đích sử dụng khác nhau cho chúng.

  • Giới thiệu ý tưởng đầu tiên
    Apparently In the first place
    It appears that Though it is true that
    It is true that Some people believe that
    First Many people think that
    First of all According to many people
    Firstly Some people believe that
    Initially Many support the view that
    To begin with On the other hand

1) First of all, an enormous number of cars belong to the rich, and fuel price will not restrain them from using the cars. The price of fuel in fact increased significantly over the past 12 years, and that has done nothing to reduce the car usages.
2) It is true that an unemployed person having a mobile phone with internet connection can get a greater access to the local and foreign job sectors and can use these technologies to get a job or become self-employed.
3) To begin with, houses that are being constructed by those in the lower income groups do look at the most cost effective option. In the process they invariably explore cheaper options that include a compromise on material and construction quality.

  • Cách bắt đầu ý tưởng thứ 2,3,4…
Secondly In addition
Thirly Consequently
Then Moreover
Next Other people think that
..again… Other people belive that
..also… On the other hand
Beside Apart from that
Likewise Finally

Examples:  
1) Besides, unemployed persons living in urban areas; can easily get the information related to the job-offering companies with these technologies……………. Furthermore, the use of these technology give them advantages than others…….
2) Apart from that, computers would become more powerful and they will have superior artificial intelligence. People will have robots to do the hazardous works like mining and outer space research. Surprisingly, e-commerce would be in more convenient form and most of the people will purchase online rather than going to shops in person.
3) People would also learn more about the outer space as the experiment and scientific research is outer space is going on more steadily than ever.
4) Likewise, if the popular media provides good news such as educational, scientific news, and so on, it can motivate the young generation to achieve more knowledge.

  • Bắt đầu ý tưởng giống nhau
  1. In the same fashion/way…..
  2. In like manner…
  3. Correspondingly…
  4. Likewise…..
  5. Similarly…..
  6. Like the previous point…..
  7. Similar to…..
  8. Also…..
  9. At the same time…..
  10. Just as…..

Examples: 
1) Similarly, all the companies and offices are becoming automated and using computers, internet, and other technologies more vastly than any other time in history…….
2) At the same time, software could be used for many purposes, such as learning through computers, accounting in computers, drawing, storage of information, sending information from one person to another person etc.
3) Also reading books is like peeking into the minds of the greatest people – A book is like a conversation with the writer, and reading many books gives people an insight into the thinking process of different writers.

  • Bắt đầu ý tưởng tương phản
On the other hand….. Despite … On the contrary….. However….. But…..
Nevertheless….. Oppositely….. Alternatively….. Unlike….. While…..
Whilst….. Even so / though Alternatively….. In contrast to this….. Then again….
Although this may be true Different from Of course …, but… In spite of… Be that as it may….
Above all… In reality… After all… Although… Instead….
Whereas… Despite… Conversely… Otherwise… However…
Rather… Nevertheless… Nonetheless… Regardless… Notwithstanding…

Examples:  
1) On the contrary, poor countries suffer from the lack of sufficient budgets to ensure some very basic needs of people like health, education, medicines etc. Then again, those countries do not have a chance to spend a lot of money to initiate a superficial project……..
2) Unlike a TV, a radio cannot display an image or a video, and the communication is limited to voice only. Typically, a radio is used for accessing information such as news and live traffic updates………
3) In contrast to this, the consumption of fuels to run the car is contributing to the rise if global warming and affecting the ozone layer. Hence, using bicycle in cities would be a better alternative………

  • Bắt đầu ví dụ, nhấn mạnh, phát triển
As an example….. For instance….. For example….. Like….. As…..
Such as….. Particularly….. In particular….. Namely….. To show an example…..
As an evidence….. To illustrate….. In other words… To put it differently… For onething…
As an illustration… In this case… For this reason… To put it another way… That is to say…
With attention to… By all means… Another key point… First thing to remember is … The most compelling evidence is…
It must be remembered… To point out… On the positive side… On the negative side… With this in mind…
Notably… Including… Like… To be sure… Chiefly…
Truly… Indeed… Certainly… Surely… Markedly….
Explicitly… Specifically… Expressly… Surprisingly… Frequently…
Significantly… In fact… In general… In detail… To demonstrate….
To emphasize…. To repeat… To clarify… To explain… To enumerate…

 Examples:
1) For instance, there is no guaranty that all unemployed person will use the technology positively……..
2) As an example, many Government of the first world countries have initiated other projects like: …
3) For example, if a public bus gets busted in the middle of a road, the passenger can easily leave it a look for another one.
4) The most compelling evidence for the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth is the testimony of the disciples, since “…men will not suffer …

  • Bắt đầu câu nguyên nhân kết quả:
As a result….. Consequently….. As an effect….. Thus….. So…..
The reason why….. Therefore….. Hence….. Eventually….. For this reason…..
Thereby….. Under those circumstances… In that case… For this reason… In effect…
For… Thus… Becaueof the… Then… Hence…
Therefore… Thereupon… Forthwith… Accordingly… Henceforth…
Ergo… Due to the.. Contributing to …

Examples:
1) Therefore, one should avoid using one’s budget in an uncertain project……..
2) As a result, people are struggling much to lead a healthy and secure life………
3) Consequently, local residents will be able to find more job opportunities in this factory and have a better socio-economic status………
4) Thus, air and water pollution caused by this factory will ruin the local environment and wildlife fundamentally………

  • Bắt đầu câu nêu ý chung chung 
  1. Generally…..
  2. Generally speaking…..
  3. In general…..
  4. Overall…..
  5. All in all…..
  6. By and large…..
  7. Basically…..
  8. As a rule…..
  9. Essentially…..
  10. On the whole….
  11. All things considered…..

Examples:  
1) All things considered, a certain reserved position for women in high-level job is actually a good idea to empower the women towards the overall betterment of the organization and society.
2) In general, it can be stated that in upcoming years, humans will be blessed with adequate facilities, which definitely will make their lives quite easier, due to the advanced technology.
3) As a rule, in most countries, a zoological garden is monitored strictly, and the health, treatment, and the food are properly ensured for the animals they keep.

  • Bắt đầu câu điều kiện:
  1. Otherwise…..
  2. As soon as…..
  3. As much as…..
  4. If…..
  5. Provided that…..
  6. Because of that…..
  7. For this reason…..
  8. Unless…..
  9. Providing that…..
  10. So that…..
  11. In case…..
  12. Whether….

Examples:  
1) If the proper measurements and initiatives are not taken, the pollution will keep on increasing, and that would someday threaten the existence of human’s life.
2) Unless men change the diet and get involved in some sort of outdoor activities and sports, the average weight would keep increasing.
3) For this reasons, employees should preserve a certain percentage of high level jobs for qualified women.

  • Nêu ý kiến chắc chắn
  1. Certainly…..
  2. Definitely…..
  3. No doubt…..
  4. Of course…..
  5. Doubtlessly…..
  6. Without any doubt…..
  7. Undoubtedly…..

Examples: 
1) Of course, learning from books in a formal educational institution, and learning from books for someone’s own interest is highly important.
2) Practical lessons would definitely help students have a deeply understanding, while theory learned from books will be forgotten far easier.
3) Undoubtedly, ultimate exhaust of natural resources would create chaos, and many wild lives would be endangered as well.

  • Bắt đầu tổng kết
As can be seen Generally speaking In the final analysis All things considered As shown above
In the long run Giventhese points As has been noted In a word For the most part
After all In fact In summary In conclusion In general
In short In brief In essence To summarize Onbalance
Altogether Overall Ordinarily Usually By andlarge
To sum up To conclude On the whole In any event Ineither case
All in all Obviously Ultimately Definitely In a word…..

Examples:
1) That is to say, parents must ensure the safety of their children first………
2) In a word, the idea can be very useful for the developing countries but for the US, it might be a sinister………
3) In short, overall infrastructure of the area will develop.
4) To sum up, parents are important teachers in people’s lives and none can deny their invaluable role, but they are
not always the best teachers…….
5) On the whole, industrialization is necessary for growth, it must be regulated. The proper measures must be in place to reduce the negative impacts of byproducts on environment.
6) In general, even though it is preferable to study English in an English-speaking country, a reasonable level of English can be achieved in one’s own country, if a student is gifted and dedicated to study.2) To sum up, if the population explosion continues, many more people will die of starvation in poor countries, and life in the cities, even in affluent nations, will become increasingly difficult.
7) To conclude, I recommend that the only sensible way to solve this problem is to educate young people about the dangers of drug use, and to take steps to reduce the pressure of competition placed upon them.
8) In conclusion, nuclear technology certainly has positive uses but is nonetheless dangerous.  However, it would have been better if it had never been used to create nuclear weapons. If life on Earth is to continue, all the nuclear nations of the world should agree to disarm as soon as possible

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